By Angela Maas

Payers are continuing to implement copay accumulators and copay maximizers in an effort to counter copay assistance from pharmaceutical manufacturers, according to a recent survey.

A Zitter Insights report shows that more than 90 million commercial lives are covered by payers that have a copay accumulator program — and it doesn’t look like these arrangements are going away any time soon.

It also explores the use of a similar kind of program: copay maximizers. Among 51 payer respondents covering 177.9 million lives, payers covering more than 50 million commercial lives have implemented a copay maximizer program. But payers representing 58% of covered lives say they do not have plans to incorporate maximizers within their benefits offerings.

Melinda Haren, a senior consultant at Zitter Insights, notes that accumulators and maximizers are focused on specialty drugs, particularly those products that are adjudicated through the pharmacy benefit.

The savings for payers — and the additional burden on manufacturers — are not insignificant. But drugmakers can do little to limit the use of these programs, at least in the short term, says Haren.

One recent effort may prove to be effective against accumulators: On March 21, Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam (D) signed a law that will go into effect Jan. 1, 2020, which states, in part, “When calculating an enrollee’s overall contribution to any out-of-pocket maximum, deductible, copayment, coinsurance, or other cost-sharing requirement under a health plan, a carrier shall include any amounts paid by the enrollee or paid on behalf of the enrollee by another person.”

This approach to counter accumulators “will likely be effective, at least in the near term,” maintains Jeremy Schafer, Pharm.D., senior vice president of payer access solutions at Precision for Value.