After the New York Times published an investigation into newly public negotiated rates between hospitals and insurers — and concluded that insurers have “little incentive” to negotiate lower costs — top industry trade group AHIP hit back with a blog post claiming that the article “spotlights a lot of numbers with little context, no clarity for patients, and no insight that helps anyone shop for care.”

Industry observers and health care economists who spoke to AIS Health, a division of MMIT, appear to be split on the issue of whether health plans are actually bad negotiators.

For its investigation, the Times teamed up with two University of Maryland-Baltimore County researchers to comb through negotiated rates published by hospitals under a Trump-era price transparency rule that the industry tried and failed to overturn in court. That information was turned into a database “that showed how much basic medical care costs at 60 major hospitals,” the article says.

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